Diabetes Mellitus is one of the leading causes of deaths all over the world and is approximated to affect almost 17 million Americans. Diabetes has three main types: Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes, and Gestational Diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes exact cause is yet unknown, but it usually occurs when the immune system attacks the cells that produce insulin and eventually destroying them. This reaction in the body is identified as an autoimmune reaction. Facts suggest that certain bacterial or viral infections, consuming food contaminated with chemical toxins or exposure to cow's milk as a baby, are possible triggers and are involve in the process, which can bring about autoimmune reaction in the body.
Type 2 Diabetes occurs when cell receptors in the body fail to respond to insulin, a reaction known as insulin resistance. When this happens, the body manufactures more insulin than needed causing an over-production and will eventually affect the cells that produce insulin. On the other hand, Type 2 Diabetes can also develop when there is insufficient production of insulin or when the body is deficient of the ability to properly use the insulin that's produced. This type of Diabetes is more likely to develop in people at an advanced age, those who are overweight or obese, and those lead an inactive lifestyle. Rarer causes of diabetes have likewise been identified, including certain drugs, having pregnancy diabetes or gestational diabetes, and as a result of complications of several system disorders that affects production of insulin. These diseases include hyperthyroidism, polycystic ovary syndrome, and pancreatitis.
It is believed that another cause of Diabetes has to do with a strong genetic relationship, meaning that it tends to run in families. Should both parents are affected with Type 2 Diabetes, the likelihood of children having the disease is higher. In case of twins, either one of the twins may have Diabetes or the other remains free from the disease or both may have diabetes. Steroids and Dilantin are drugs that have been known to affect blood sugar. Some drugs such as alloxan, thiazide diuretics and streptozocin contain a substantial risk of toxicity to bring on diabetes. With a healthy dietary regimen and regular exercise, the chances of acquiring diabetes can be prevented.
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