Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition where in the blood pressure or BP in the arteries is high. Continual high blood pressure can lead to heart attacks, strokes, heart failure and aneurism. An increase in BP may shorten the life expectancy of a person. There are two kinds of hypertension, the essential hypertension and the secondary hypertension.
Most of the time, the specific cause of Essential or Primary Hypertension has not been pinpointed, but health professionals associate some particular factors that can initiate or exacerbate primary hypertension - low physical activity or little exercise, poor lifestyle and diet, old age, stress, and genetics. Mainly, a sedentary lifestyle coupled with poor diet has been shown to raise blood pressure on its own.
This can also lead to obesity in which the complications include blockage of the arteries that also leads to high blood. Lifestyle may also be a cause of hypertension if they drink too much alcohol and smoke a lot. Most persons aged 50 years old and above usually have an elevated BP than younger people, this make them more vulnerable to hypertension. Hypertension can also be inherited.
Secondary Hypertension is somewhat different because its root cause is identified and there are many conditions that can result to this. This is the result of the imbalance of the glands that produce certain hormones that regulate plasma and the heart. Other causes include kidney disorder, pre-eclampsia during pregnancy, congenital defects and use of some prescription and illegal drugs. Symptoms of Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension include dizziness, throwing up, nausea, disorder of the sight and drowsiness.
Hypotension is the opposite of Hypertension. This is a condition wherein the pressure of the blood is lower than normal. There are several causes of low hypotension, and the most common is hypovolemia or reduced blood volume. Hypovolemia can result from blood loss, lack of fluid intake that result from starvation or too much fluid loss from vomiting or diarrhea. Reduced blood output of the heart can also cause hypotension because the body will not be able to have sufficient supply of blood. Symptoms of low BP include dizziness, chest pain, and shortness of breath, irregular heartbeat, headache and fever higher than 38.5 degrees Celsius.
Hypertension and hypotension are conditions that often have no immediate signs or symptoms, and can cause damage over a long period of time before it can be felt by the patient. For this reason, it is very crucial to always keep track of blood pressure. Most local drugstores offer free reading of blood pressure.
Even if you have not been diagnosed with high blood pressure, it is important to have your blood pressure regularly checked by your physician, particularly if hypertension runs in your family. It is also important to have a home monitoring device to constantly have access to blood pressure readings. When choosing to purchase a BP machine, there are different models from which to choose. You can select from manually operated machines, handy digital monitors, or portable finger blood pressure devices. Make sure to choose a monitor that will be comfy and convenient for your needs.
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