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Genealogy is the science that deals with the ancestry and descendants of the people and the relationships between different members of the familliar.
With the rise of historical science, particularly from mid-nineteenth century, research on the origin of the people acquired a scientific status and was included in the academic disciplines.
Meaning of genealogy
Already in the Middle Ages, the origin and social status were very important and not only showed the membership of a particular family, but also the relationship of a person with feudal succession and inheritance rights.
The man as part of a chain of generations is incorporated synchronously to the role of the sexes and individuals to the extent of the events of his time.
The genealogy is a subcategory of historical science that helps us to investigate historical relations.
In addition, genealogy facilitates the interpretation of genealogical data, for example, the rise and fall of families, the real property transaction, the legacy of occupation, the relationship between birth and class, or dynastic politics over the marriage and diplomacy between families.
Viewed from an empirical angle, genealogy is an important resource to find out details such as birth rate, age of partners at the time of her marriage, life expectancy, causes of deaths, the duration of a generation , hereditary diseases, the legacy of physical and psychological traits, etc.
The genealogy as a historical resource
In relation to the onomastics , genealogy investigates the origin, dispersal and meaning of surnames.
As a result, the genealogy is linked with other auxiliary sciences, which permits the identification and detailed portrait of one's family history. Thus, genealogy is a lot to do with geography and historical demography, heraldry, the policy of the country, political and social history, and more recently also genetics.
Important sources for genealogy are especially parish books , which will be addressed in a separate article in this Information Center. The parish books serve as a record for births, baptisms, marriages and deaths in a parish.
Other sources include population censuses, college tuition, wills and burial records. In this regard it is important to find out where to find what kind of information or source.
The Internet has become in recent years an important genealogical source. Examples include the passenger lists of ships that came to America from Europe since the discovery of the New World.
Before any research is important to consider the various sources available, its use is public and, if this is the case, in what place and how they can be consulted.