Type 2 diabetes is considered a life-long disease determined by high amounts of glucose in the bloodstream. This is also the most common type of diabetes. One of the main causes of type 2 diabetes is obesity, although it may also be suffered by thin and aging individuals. People with a family history of this disease have a greater chance of acquiring type 2 diabetes. There are different tests that could help diagnose this disease, such as hemoglobin tests, oral glucose tolerance tests, and fasting blood glucose, but one may also determine if he or she is having type 2 diabetes if symptoms like fatigue, increased thirst, increased appetite, blurred vision, increased urination, and slow-healing infections.
The cures for type 2 diabetes has one common primary goal, which is to lower blood sugar levels and prevent any further complication of the disease. Usually, doctors prescribe their patients with orally taken or injectable medications as cures for type 2 diabetes. Although some may be recommended with a single medication, some may require a combination of two or more drugs. Among them are the following:
Meglitinides – Examples of this type of medication are nateglinide and repaglinide. These drugs stimulate the pancreas’ production of insulin, depending on the amount of glucose in the blood.
Biguanides – These drugs slow down the liver’s production of glucose while aiding the fat and muscle cells to absorb more glucose from the blood. An example of this drug type is metformin.
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors – These cures for type 2 diabetes help lower blood sugar levels by reducing the carbohydrate absorption in the digestive system. These usually work after meals, where glucose levels tend to increase significantly. This drug type includes acarbose.
Thiazolidinediones – Thiazolidinediones such as pioglitazone and rosiglitazone reduce blood glucose levels by helping fat and muscle cells absorb an increased amount of sugar if insulin is present. However, these may increase cardiovascular disease risks so consult with your doctor first.
Sulfonylureas – Included in this drug type are glyburide, tolazamide, and glimepiride. These stimulate the pancreas’ insulin production to help decrease blood sugar levels.
Injectable Medications – These include exenatide, saxagliptin, sitagliptin, and mitiglinide.
Though these medications work differently, they are effective in lowering blood sugar levels. However, each of them may have certain side effects and drug interactions, so you should consult with your doctor first to ensure that these adverse effects or complications are less likely to occur. Also, it is a wise idea to make changes in your diet and regular exercise routines to help lower blood sugar levels further.