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If not diagnosed
as early as possible, kidney stones can cause a person a great deal of pain and
discomfort. Aside from that, it can also cause people to develop many
complications as time go by. To avoid the pain brought by the development of
kidney stones and its risks to your health, it is a must that you undergo immediate
diagnosis once you suspect that there's something wrong.
specialist should administer diagnosis for kidney stones. Usually, the doctor
will make a diagnosis of kidney stones using an assessment of the person's
clinical history. Here, he or she will ask a couple of questions that involve
the person's lifestyle, diet, fluid intake, past experience with kidney stones,
and if there is possible family history of kidney stones. This is very
effective in the initial assessment of kidney stones in a person because it
provides the doctor with information on what caused the stone formation. From
here, the specialist can make a hypothesis or and "educated guess"
and will refer you to undergo the needed medical procedures.
means of diagnosing kidney stones is a thorough physical examination. Here, the
specialist will run a series of physical tests that can help him or her
determines conditions, which can put an individual at higher risk for kidney
stone formation. Through a thorough physical examination, the doctor can
discovers risks such as specific diseases and medical conditions, certain
injuries, recent immobilization, and abdominal scars that might be effects of
any previous medical procedure or surgery.
study of the person's blood and urine is also another effective means of
diagnosing kidney stones. During a laboratory evaluation, the person's blood
and urine samples will undergo thorough observation and studies. Collecting a
sample of urine to be analyzed is called "urinalysis". Urinalysis is
one of the simplest tests to detect the presence of blood and bacteria present
in the urine. This is also done by the specialist or the attending assistant to
accurately measure the levels and amount calcium — which is the primary
component of common kidney stones—electrolytes, and uric acid as well as the
other components in the samples.
Aside from the
acidity of the person's urine, other components in the blood are also paid
attention to ensure that there will be not further complications. Other significant laboratory tests include
blood tests for "creatinine" which evaluates the proper function of
the kidney, the "BUN" and "electrolytes" which is used to
detect levels of dehydration, "calcium" which is done to detect
hyperparathyroidism, and a complete "blood count" which is primarily
done to detect any infection in the person's system.
laboratory evaluation, the kidney stone sample is also collected to analyze and
determine what type of is it stone. Knowing the type of kidney stone is
important so the physician can plot the appropriate treatment for it as soon as
stones can also be diagnosed through a possible follow-up with an X-ray
evaluation. Here, the specialist or the assistant will use x-rays to identify
the location of the kidney stone. Through x-ray, the size of stones and its
number can be seen. It may also help the doctor to identify which type of
kidney stones is present in the person's kidney.
Depending on the
number and the severity, most kidney stones could be treated without using
medical intervention. Although some kidney stones can pass without medical
treatments, it is always best to have them diagnosed and treated the earliest
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