There are quite a few variations, but only three major types of guitar that you will look at when beginning guitar lessons. They are:
Most people start guitar playing lessons with a classical acoustic or a steel string acoustic guitar. If you borrow a guitar it's the most common type available, you're less likely to be loaned a more complicated electric guitar.
The acoustic guitar is great to learn on, the only accessory you need is a pick. Electric guitars need a more complex setup with leads, amps, speaker and power.
The other great thing about acoustic guitars is that you can't turn them up loud. Being able to hear what you are playing without any extra sound distortion is good for beginner guitar lessons.
The first thing to think about when choosing the type of guitar is "what style music will I like to play?"
Select a song that you like the guitar sound in. Listen carefully to how the guitar sounds in the song. Can you hear clear, soft notes? Or do they sound distorted, harsh or heavy? Acoustic guitars normally have a clean, soft sound. Electric guitars are boosted by amplifiers and other special effects that cause their sound to become heavy and distorted. You may be able to hear distinct notes, or the sound of the strings being strummed hard. If you are going for the hard type of playing, you will need thicker strings. Before deciding on the type of guitar or strings it really helps to decide what style you like and want to play.
Now you've identified the variety of music you prefer. Search out a video with the band playing the song and watch it. Find the part where the band playing. In this part, look at the guitarist. Are they playing an acoustic guitar or an electric guitar? What brand is it? What style? Once you've figured out the correct guitar they are using, then see if you can find one at the local guitar shop to play to see if it suits you.
People play guitar and take guitar lessons for many different reasons. Once you know what you want from your guitar, then most of these decisions will beome simple If you don't have a clearly defined taste in guitar music, listen to lots of types of music. Hang around the local music shop and ask musicians what kind of guitars different bands use, or how particular sound effects are created
Don't rush to make the choice of the type of guitar to buy, take time to think about what you are hearing and what you are learning about how to play with the type of sound you like.
The best approach is to borrow the basic acoustic guitar from a friend, take some free online guitar playing lessons, find out what music you like to hang out with, and to play yourself and then use that time to determine what type of guitar will suit you.