Click title/picture for details. offer US $0.01 AR Denaro of a type struck by three kings in a row, Henry III, Henry IV, or Henry V. These kings reigned in Lucca. Lucca was an independent city state in what would one day become Italy. This coin was struck between 1039 and 1125, and it was minted in Lucca. On the obverse there is a monogram of Otto, and the legend IMPERATOR TT. On the reverse there is ENRICVS L V < A. In my opinion, this coin rates at least fine, possibly even very fine condition, as the striking method was not always as clear as we are used to from modern coinage. Grading is subjective, so look at the pictures and give it some thought. Cleaning also will help. This is an excellent opportunity to obtain a coin that is over eight hundred and fifty years old. The currency of Lucca was highly valued in Europe as a means of exchanges and trade. The Crusaders relied on Lucca’s coins to pay for whatever services they required (equipment, food, logistics, transportation, ransoms, fees, soldiers salaries, rights of passage etc.). You travelled the world with Lucca’s money in your pockets: like the US dollars today. Or should I better say like Euros today. Just for the record the name of the Lucca currency was "lira". The privilege to mint (il privilegio della Zecca) was confirmed by Frederick Barbarossa and by Frederick II Hohenstaufen, and also by the Popes. When Pisa tried to counterfeit Lucca’s coins the Pope issued a terrifying "anathema" against the Pisani and brought them to order. The "mint" privilege was given to Lucca for the reliability of the people and for the "security" of the walls, and the "mint" was the foundation of the "money culture" that eventually resulted in Lucca being the city of some of the most powerful financial and merchant bankers of the 11th, 12th, 13th and 14th century. Trading with the whole of Europe (buying wool from England, fish from France, silver and gold from Spain, selling silk, wool fabric, steel artefacts like swords and cutlery) through the centuries allowed the merchants of Lucca to gather considerable fortunes and the need to invest the money they accumulated. This brought them inevitably brought them into the field of money lending and, eventually, merchant banking and financial banking with the most powerful Royal families of Europe.