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Pressure Points

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Today we will discuss the facts and myths of weak
points in the human structure called pressure points. A pressure point
is essentially a nerve center. A struck nerve will cause searing pain
and often disable your opponent. Knowing where to a hit a person and
how to do it most effectively is a very important skill to have. You
can be strong as an ox but a punch to the body and a punch to the solar
plexus will have two very profoundly different effects.Let's
discuss the myths first--the touch of death, dim mak, etc. While I am
sure somewhere out there in this big wide world, some cult of sick
martial artists have learned some crazy shit, this is not the topic of
discussion here. This is not a Jet Li movie--you will be using this on
the street where someone may try to kill you or in the octagon where
someone will most definitely be trying to knock you out. You try some
two finger touch master shit, you will most likely be defeated. In the
octagon, you will look downright stupid. However, land a ridge hand to
the temple or just above the lip or in the bridge of the nose and you
will watch your opponent crumble. The following is an excerpt
of an ebook I downloaded. It explains where to strike and how. Some of
these moves will get you DQd in the ring, so use common sense.
Obviously gouging out an eye is not an option, but in a street fight,
it may save your ass. Yes it is a little long, but you have trained
hard if you are here (or intend to). Put the time in, gain the
knowledge, take the advantage and destroy your opponents.CHAPTER 4MEDIUM-RANGE COMBATIVESIn medium-range combatives, two opponents are already within touchingdistance. The arsenal of possible body weapons includes short punches andstrikes with elbows, knees, and hands. Head butts are also effective; do not forgetthem during medium-range combat. A soldier uses his peripheral vision toevaluate the targets presented by the opponent and choose his target. He shouldbe aggressive and concentrate his attack on the opponent's vital points to end thefight as soon as possible.4-1. VITAL TARGETSThe body is divided into three sections: high, middle, and low. Eachsection contains vital targets (Figure 4-1, pages 4-5 and 4-6). The effects ofstriking these targets follow:a. High Section. The high section includes the head and neck; it is the mostdangerous target area.(1) Top of the head. The skull is weak where the frontal cranial bones join.A forceful strike causes trauma to the cranial cavity, resulting inunconsciousness and hemorrhage. A severe strike can result in death.(2) Forehead. A forceful blow can cause whiplash; a severe blow cancause cerebral hemorrhage and death.(3) Temple. The bones of the skull are weak at the temple, and an arteryand large nerve lie close to the skin. A powerful strike can causeunconsciousness and brain concussion. If the artery is severed, the resultingmassive hemorrhage compresses the brain, causing coma and or death.(4) Eyes. A slight jab in the eyes causes uncontrollable watering andblurred vision. A forceful jab or poke can cause temporary blindness, or theeyes can be gouged out. Death can result if the fingers penetrate through thethin bone behind the eyes and into the brain.(5) Ears. A strike to the ear with cupped hands can rupture the eardrumand may cause a brain concussion. (i've used this one and while there was no ko, they stopped hitting me...)4-1FM 21-150(6) Nose. Any blow can easily break the thin bones of the nose, causingextreme pain and eye watering.(7) Under the nose. A blow to the nerve center, which is close to thesurface under the nose, can cause great pain and watery eyes.(8) Jaw. A blow to the jaw can break or dislocate it. If the facial nerve ispinched against the lower jaw, one side of the face will be paralyzed.(9) Chin. A blow to the chin can cause paralysis, mild concussion, andunconsciousness. The jawbone acts as a lever that can transmit the force ofa blow to the back of the brain where the cardiac and respiratory mechanismsare controlled.(10) Back of ears and base of skull. A moderate blow to the back of theears or the base of the skull can cause unconsciousness by the jarring effecton the back of the brain. However, a powerful blow can cause a concussionor brain hemorrhage and death.(11) Throat. A powerful blow to the front of the throat can cause deathby crushing the windpipe. A forceful blow causes extreme pain and gaggingor vomiting.(12) Side of neck. A sharp blow to the side of the neck causesunconsciousness by shock to the carotid artery, jugular vein, and vagus nerve.For maximum effect, the blow should be focused below and slightly in frontof the ear. A less powerful blow causes involuntary muscle spasms andintense pain. The side of the neck is one of the best targets to use to drop anopponent immediately or to disable him temporarily to finish him later.(13) Back of neck. A powerful blow to the back of one’s neck can causewhiplash, concussion, or even a broken neck and death.b. Middle Section. The middle section extends from the shoulders to thearea just above the hips. Most blows to vital points in this region are not fatalbut can have serious, long-term complications that range from trauma tointernal organs to spinal cord injuries.(1) Front of shoulder muscle. A large bundle of nerves passes in front ofthe shoulder joint. A forceful blow causes extreme pain and can make thewhole
arm ineffective if the nerves are struck just right. (unless you strike
the joint perfectly, this one could do you more harm than good).(2) Collarbone. A blow to the collarbone can fracture it, causing intensepain and rendering the arm on the side of the fracture ineffective. Thefracture can also sever the brachial nerve or subclavian artery.(3) Armpit. A large nerve lies close to the skin in each armpit. A blow tothis nerve causes severe pain and partial paralysis. A knife inserted into thearmpit is fatal as it severs a major artery leading from the heart. (again, not effective in the ring)(4) Spine. A blow to the spinal column can sever the spinal cord, resultingin paralysis or in death.4-2FM 21-150(5) Nipples. A large network of nerves passes near the skin at the nipples.A blow here can cause extreme pain and hemorrhage to the many bloodvessels beneath. (6) Heart. A jolting blow to the heart can stun the opponent and allowtime for follow-up or finishing techniques.(7) Solar plexus. The solar plexus is a center for nerves that control thecardiorespiratory system. A blow to this location is painful and can take thebreath from the opponent. A powerful blow causes unconsciousness byshock to the nerve center. A penetrating blow can also damage internalorgans.(8) Diaphragm. A blow to the lower front of the ribs can cause thediaphragm and the other muscles that control breathing to relax. This causesloss of breath and can result in unconsciousness due to respiratory failure.(9) Floating ribs. A blow to the floating ribs can easily fracture thembecause they are not attached to the rib cage. Fractured ribs on the right sidecan cause internal injury to the liver; fractured ribs on either side can possiblypuncture or collapse a lung.(10) Kidneys. A powerful blow to the kidneys can induce shock and canpossibly cause internal injury to these organs. A stab to the kidneys inducesinstant shock and can cause death from severe internal bleeding.(11) Abdomen below navel. A powerful blow to the area below the naveland above the groin can cause shock, unconsciousness, and internal bleeding.(12) Biceps. A strike to the biceps is most painful and renders the armineffective. The biceps is an especially good target when an opponent holdsa weapon.(13) Forearm muscle. The radial nerve, which controls much of themovement in the hand, passes over the forearm bone just below the elbow.A strike to the radial nerve renders the hand and arm ineffective. Anopponent can be disarmed by a strike to the forearm; if the strike is powerfulenough, he can be knocked unconscious.(14) Back of hand. The backs of the hands are sensitive. Since the nervespass over the bones in the hand, a strike to this area is intensely painful. Thesmall bones on the back of the hand are easily broken and such a strike canalso render the hand ineffective.c. Low Section. The low section of the body includes everything from thegroin area to the feet. Strikes to these areas are seldom fatal, but they can beincapacitating.(1) Groin. A moderate blow to the groin can incapacitate an opponentand cause intense pain. A powerful blow can result in unconsciousness andshock.4-3FM 21-150(2) Outside of thigh. A large nerve passes near the surface on the outsideof the thigh about four finger-widths above the knee. A powerful strike tothis region can render the entire leg ineffective, causing an opponent to drop.This target is especially suitable for knee strikes and shin kicks.(3) Inside of thigh. A large nerve passes over the bone about in the middleof the inner thigh. A blow to this area also incapacitates the leg and can causethe opponent to drop. Knee strikes and heel kicks are the weapons of choicefor this target.(4) Hamstring. A severe strike to the hamstring can cause muscle spasmsand inhibit mobility. If the hamstring is cut, the leg is useless.(5) Knee. Because the knee is a major supporting structure of the body,damage to this joint is especially detrimental to an opponent. The knee iseasily dislocated when struck at an opposing angle to the joint’s normal rangeof motion, especially when it is bearing the opponent’s weight. The knee canbe dislocated or hyperextended by kicks and strikes with the entire body.(6) Calf. A powerful blow to the top of the calf causes painful musclespasms and also inhibits mobility.(7) Shin. A moderate blow to the shin produces great pain, especially ablow with a hard object. A powerful blow can possibly fracture the bone thatsupports most of the body weight.(8) Achilles tendon. A powerful strike to the Achilles tendon on the backof the heel can cause ankle sprain and dislocation of the foot. If the tendonis torn, the opponent is incapacitated. The Achilles tendon is a good targetto cut with a knife.(9) Ankle. A blow to the ankle causes pain; if a forceful blow is delivered,the ankle can be sprained or broken.(10) Instep. The small bones on the top of the foot are easily broken. Astrike here will hinder the opponent’s mobility.I
hope you find this information helpful. How to strike them is another
story for a pt2 post. Next time you spar, try some of this stuff out
and start getting your accuracy together. Effective striking leads to
economical fighting. Efficiency is a definite factor in your ability to
destroy opponents. So stay tuned for part 2, which will cover
some ways to strike these pressure points. I suggest you develop your
own style specific strikes that will be appropriate for you and your
sport. While pt 2 can benefit any fighter, I believe it will help
people in a street fight best.

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4/23/2018 4:24:48 AM UTC